Habor, the River of Gozan - In 2 Kings The river of Gorzan is identified as the river Khabur, a tributary of the Euphrates river which flows into it from the north from southern Turkey. Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed the inhabitants within the cities of Samaria to replace the children of Israel who would been taken into captivity.
He offered tribute to Sennacherib but Jerusalem was was still a target for the Assyrian ruler. Judah Captives in Babylon - The remaining remnant of Judah were taken as prisoners to Babylon as predicted by Jeremiah the prophet.
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Nehemiah Jerusalem Rebuilt by Nehemiah - The book of Nehemiah records in the third chapter a description of the course of the walls, beginning on the northeast side of Jerusalem and moving counterclockwise. His intention was not to be too exhaustive in the details. Xerxes had just put down rebellions in Egypt and Babylon, and was preparing to invade Greece. Map of the World of the New Testament. James Journeys of the Apostles. In Mesopotamia Acts 7: Now Mugheir a ruined temple of large bitumen bricks, which also "mugheir" means, namely, Um Mugheir "mother of bitumen" , on the right bank of the Euphrates, near its junction with the Shat el Hie from the Tigris; in Chaldaea proper.
Called Hur by the natives, and on monuments Ur. The most ancient city of the older Chaldaea. Its bricks bear the name of the earliest monumental kings, "Urukh king of Ur"; his kingdom extended as far N. The royal lists on the monuments enumerate Babylonian kings from Urukh B. The temple was sacred to 'Urki, the moon goddess; Ilgi son of Urukh completed it. For two centuries it was the capital, and always was held sacred. One district was "Ibra," perhaps related to "Hebrew," Abraham's designation. Ur was also a cemetery and city of tombs, doubtless because of its sacred character, from whence the dead were brought to it from vast distances for 1, years.
Eupolemos in Eusebius, Praep. Ur lies six miles distant from the present coarse of the Euphrates, and from the sea; though it is thought it was anciently a maritime town, and that its present inland site is due to the accumulation of alluvium? The buildings are of the most archaic kind, consisting of low mounds enclosed within an enceinte, on most sides perfect, an oval space 1, yards long by broad. The temple is thoroughly Chaldaean in type, in stages of which two remain, of brick partly sunburnt, partly baked, cemented with bitumen.
Abraham's native place Ge Father of one of David's mighty men 1Ch Stephen places it, by implication, in Mesopotamia. It has been identified by the most ancient traditions with the city of Orfah in the highlands of Mesopotamia, which unite the table-land of Armenia to the valley of the Euphrates. In later ages it was called Edessa, and was celebrated as the capital of Abgarus or Acbarus who was said to have received the letter and portrait of our Saviour.
One is a high-crested crag, the natural fortifications of the crested citadel The other is an abundant spring, issuing in a pool of transparent clearness, and embosomed in a mass of luxuriant verdure, which, amidst the dull brown desert all around, makes and must always have made, this spot an oasis, a paradise, in the Chaldaean wilderness. Round this sacred pool,'the beautiful spring Callirrhoe,' as it was called by the Greek writers, gather the modern traditions of the patriarch. A second tradition, which appears in the Talmud, finds Ur in Warka, miles southeast from Babylon and four east of the Euphrates.
This place bears the name of Huruk in the native inscriptions, and was in the countries known to the Jews as the land of the Chaldaeans. But in opposition to the most ancient traditions, many modern writers have fixed the site of Ur at a very different position, viz. Among the ruins which are now seen at the spot are the remains of one of the great temples, of a model similar to that of Babel, dedicated to the moon, to whom the city was sacred. Porter and Rawlinson favor this last place.
Father of Eliphal, one of David's "mighty men," in 1 Ch He died before his father Gen. It is called "Charran" in the LXX. It is called the "city of Nahor" Gen. It stood on the river Belik, an affluent of the Euphrates, about 70 miles above where it joins that river in Upper Mesopotamia or Padan-aram, and about miles northwest of Ur in a direct line. It was on the caravan route between the east and west. It is afterwards mentioned among the towns taken by the king of Assyria 2 Kings It was known to the Greeks and Romans under the name Carrhae.
The son of Caleb of Judah 1 Chr. That Haran was oldest brother appears from his brothers marrying his daughters, Sarai being only ten years younger than Abram Genesis Haran died in Ur, his native place, before his father. Hara begins with 'h'; Caleb's son by Ephah 1 Chronicles 2: Jewish tradition makes Haran to have been cast into Nimrod's furnace for wavering during Abram's fiery trial.
Father of Lot and brother of Abraham Ge Son of Caleb 1Ch 2: A Levite 1Ch The third son of Terah, and therefore youngest brother of Abram. Three children are ascribed to him --Lot, vs. A Gershonite Levite in the time of David, one of the family of Shimei. A son of the great Caleb by his concubine Ephah. Here, about midway in this district, is a small village still called Harran.
It was celebrated among the Romans, under the name of Charrae, as the scene of the defeat of Crassus. The city where Terah settled on his departure from Ur Gen It was probably "the city of Nahor" to which Abraham's servant came to find a wife for Isaac Gen Hither came Jacob when he fled from Esau's anger Gen Here he met his bride Gen It is one of the cities named by Rabshakeh as destroyed by the king of Assyria 2 Ki Ezekiel speaks of the merchants of Haran as trading with Tyre The name appears in Assyro-Babalonian as Charran, which means "road"; possibly because here the trade route from Damascus joined that from Nineveh to Carchemish.
It is mentioned in the prism inscription of Tiglath-pileser I. It was a seat of the worship of Sin, the moon-god, from very ancient times. A temple was built by Shalmaneser II. Haran seems to have shared in the rebellion of Assur BC, the year of the solar eclipse, June The privileges then lost were restored by Sargon II. The temple, which had been destroyed, was rebuilt by Ashurbanipal, who was here crowned with the crown of Sin.
Haran and the temple suffered much damage in the invasion of the Umman-Manda the Medes. In the 4th century it was the seat of a bishopric; but the cult of the moon persisted far into the Christian centuries. The chief temple was the scene of heathen worship until the 11th century, and was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th. The ancient city is represented by the modern Charran to the Southeast of Edessa, on the river Belias, an affluent of the Euphrates.
The ruins lie on both sides of the stream, and include those of a very ancient castle, built of great basaltic blocks, with square columns, 8 ft.
Remains of the old cathedral are also conspicuous. No inscriptions have yet been found here, but a fragment of an Assyrian lion has been uncovered. A well nearby is identified as that where Eliezer met Rebekah. These [were] the chief of the fathers of Laadan. And they said, Of Haran [are] we. THE city of Nabulus, one of the most ancient in Israel, is also one of the most interesting. It lies in the beautiful Valley of Shechem, which is about yards wide, between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim. The place was originally called Shechem, and it was the first spot where Abraham pitched his tent after entering Canaan.
It was a prominent place in the days of the Patriarchs, and is frequently mentioned in the Book of Genesis. It became, four centuries later, the first great gathering place of the Israelites after their occupation of the Promised Land.
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Shechem was assigned to the Levites, and made a city of refuge. It was the first capital of the kingdom of Israel. It was called by the Romans Neapolis, and the Arabs have corrupted this into Nabulus, its modern name. Near the city is the well at which the Saviour held his discourse with the woman of Samaria. Jacob's well and the tomb of Joseph are also close by in the valley. A small remnant of the ancient Samaritans dwell here still, despised and persecuted by their Mahommedan masters.
The son of Hamor the Hivite Gen. A descendant of Manasseh Num. A city in Samaria Gen. It stood in the narrow sheltered valley between Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south, these mountains at their base being only some yards apart. Here Abraham pitched his tent and built his first altar in the Promised Land, and received the first divine promise Gen.
Here also Jacob "bought a parcel of a field at the hands of the children of Hamor" after his return from Mesopotamia, and settled with his household, which he purged from idolatry by burying the teraphim of his followers under an oak tree, which was afterwards called "the oak of the sorcerer" Gen. Here too, after a while, he dug a well, which bears his name to this day John 4: To Shechem Joshua gathered all Israel "before God," and delivered to them his second parting address Josh.
He "made a covenant with the people that day" at the very place where, on first entering the land, they had responded to the law from Ebal and Gerizim Josh. Shechem became one of the cities of refuge, the central city of refuge for Western Israel Josh. Rehoboam was appointed king in Shechem 1 Kings This city is mentioned in connection with our Lord's conversation with the woman of Samaria John 4: It is the modern Nablus, a contraction for Neapolis, the name given to it by Vespasian.
It lies about a mile and a half up the valley on its southern slope, and on the north of Gerizim, which rises about 1, feet above it, and is about 34 miles north of Jerusalem. It contains about 10, inhabitants, of whom about are Samaritans and Jews, the rest being Christians and Mohammedans. The site of Shechem is said to be of unrivalled beauty.
Stanley says it is "the most beautiful, perhaps the only very beautiful, spot in Central Israel. It was destroyed at the time of the Conquest, and its place was taken by Shechem. Shechem in Fausset's Bible Dictionary "shoulder", or "upper part of the back just below the neck" ; explained as if the town were on the shoulder of the heights dividing the waters that flow toward the Mediterranean on the W. Mount Gerizim is close by Judges 9: These hills at the base are but yards apart. Vespasian named it Neapolis; coins are extant with its name "Flavia Neapolis"; now Nablus by corruption.
The situation is lovely; the valley runs W. Here first in Canaan God appeared to Abraham Genesis It lay in the rich plain of the Mukhna, and its value was increased by the well Jacob dug there. Joshua made "Shechem in Mount Ephraim" one of the six cities of refuge Joshua The suburbs in our Lord's days reached nearer the entrance of the valley between Gerizim and Ebal than now; for the narrative in John 4: Under Abraham's oak at Shechem Jacob buried the family idols and amulets Genesis Probably too "the strange gods" or "the gods of the stranger" were those carried away by Jacob's sons from Shechem among the spoils Genesis The charge to "be clean and change garments" may have respect to the recent slaughter of the Shechemites, which polluted those who took part in it Blunt, Undesigned Coincidences.
Shechem was for a time Ephraim's civil capital. At the same "memorial terebinth" at Shechem the Shechemites made Abimelech king Judges 9: Jotham's parable as to the trees, the vine, the fig, and the bramble, were most appropriate Son of Hamor; seduces Jacob's daughter; killed by Jacob's sons Ge Ancestor of the Shechemites Nu Son of Shemidah 1Ch 7: An important city in central Israel, in the valley between mounts Ebal and Gerizim, 34 miles north of Jerusalem and 7 miles southeast of Samaria.
Its present name, Nablus, is a corruption of Neapolis, which succeeded the more ancient Shechem, and received its new name from Vespasian. On coins still extant it is called Flavia Neapolis. The situation of the town is one of surpassing beauty. It lies in a sheltered valley, protected by Gerizim on the south and Ebal on the north.
The feet of these mountains, where they rise from the town, are not more than five hundred yards apart. The bottom of the valley is about feet above the level of the sea, and the top of Gerizim feet higher still. The sit of the present city, which was also that of the Hebrew city, occurs exactly on the water-summit; and streams issuing from the numerous springs there flow down the opposite slopes of the valley, spreading verdure and fertility in every direction. Travellers vie with each other in the language which they employ to describe the scene that here bursts so suddenly upon them on arriving in spring or early summer at this paradise of the holy land.
Robinson, "was filled with gardens of vegetables and orchards of all kinds of fruits, watered by fountains which burst forth in various parts and flow westward in refreshing streams.
We saw nothing to compare with it in all Israel. Abraham, on his first migration to the land of promise, pitched his tent and built an altar under the oak or terebinth of Moreh at Shechem. In the distribution of the land after its conquest by the Hebrews, Shechem fell to the lot of Ephraim, Jos This place is first mentioned in connection with Abraham's journey from Haran.
At the oak of Moreh in the vicinity he reared his first altar to the Lord in Israel Gen It was doubtless by this oak that Jacob, on his return from Paddan-aram, buried "the strange the American Standard Revised Version "foreign" gods" Gen Hither he had come after his meeting with Esau Gen To the East of the city Jacob pitched his tent in a "parcel of ground" which he had bought from Hamor, Shechem's father Gen Then follows the story of Dinah's defilement by Shechem, son of the city's chief; and of the treacherous and terrible vengeance exacted by Simeon and Levi Genesis To the rich pasture land near Shechem Joseph came to seek his brethren Gen It was in the territory of Ephraim; it was made a city of refuge, and assigned to the Kohathite Levites Josh Near the city the Law was promulgated Dt When his end was approaching Joshua gathered the tribes of Israel here and addressed to them his final words of counsel and exhortation chapter Under the oak in the neighboring sanctuary he set up the stone of witness The war of conquest being done, Joseph's bones were buried in the parcel of ground which Jacob had bought, and which fell to the lot of Joseph's descendants Abimelech, whose mother was a native of the city, persuaded the men of Shechem to make him king Jdg 9: After a reign of three years Abimelech was rejected by the people.
He captured the city, razed it to the foundations, and sowed it with salt. It was then the seat of Canaanite idolatry, the temple of Baal-berith being here Jdg 9: In the time of the kings we find that the city was once more a gathering-place of the nation. It was evidently the center, especially for the northern tribes; and hither Rehoboam came in the hope of getting his succession to the throne confirmed 1 Ki At the disruption Jeroboam fortified the city and made it his residence 2 Ch The capital of the Northern Kingdom was moved, however, first to Tirzah and then to Samaria, and Shechem declined in political importance.
Indeed it is not named again in the history of the monarchy. Apparently there were Israelites in it after the captivity, some of whom on their way to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem met a tragic fate at the hands of Ishmael ben Nethaniah Jer It became the central city of the Samaritans, whose shrine I pray you give her him to wife.
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So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. HEBRON is one of the most ancient cities in the world still existing, and it is in this respect the rival of Damascus. It was originally called Kirjath-Arba, " The city of Arba. The vicinity was long the favorite camping-ground of the patriarchs. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob dwelt here, and it was here that Abraham bought a tomb - the Cave of Machpelah. After the occupation of the land by the Israelites, Hebron became one of the cities of refuge.
It was David's first capital. The town was situated in a narrow valley - the "Valley of the Eschol; " whose sides are clothed with vineyards, groves of olives, and other fruit trees. The valley runs from north to south, and the main quarter of the town, surmounted by the lofty walls of the great mosque, lies partly on the eastern slope. The houses are stone, solidly built, flat-roofed, and have each one or two little cupolas, such as are seen in several parts of Israel.
The town has no walls; but the main streets opening on the principal roads have gates. The population is about , of which about are Jews; the remainder Turks and Arabs. A city in the south end of the valley of Eshcol, about midway between Jerusalem and Beersheba, from which it is distant about 20 miles in a straight line. It was built "seven years before Zoan in Egypt" Gen. It still exists under the same name, and is one of the most ancient cities in the world. Its earlier name was Kirjath-arba Gen. But "Hebron would appear to have been the original name of the city, and it was not till after Abraham's stay there that it received the name Kirjath-arba, who [i.
It retained this name till it came into the possession of Caleb, when the Israelites restored the original name Hebron" Keil, Com. The name of this city does not occur in any of the prophets or in the New Testament. It is found about forty times in the Old. It was the favorite home of Abraham. Here he pitched his tent under the oaks of Mamre, by which name it came afterwards to be known; and here Sarah died, and was buried in the cave of Machpelah Gen.
From this place the patriarch departed for Egypt by way of Beersheba It was taken by Joshua and given to Caleb Josh. It became a Levitical city and a city of refuge When David became king of Judah this was his royal residence, and he resided here for seven and a half years 2 Sam. It became the residence also of the rebellious Absalom 2 Sam. In one part of the modern city is a great mosque, which is built over the grave of Machpelah. The first European who was permitted to enter this mosque was the Prince of Wales in One of the largest oaks in Israel is found in the valley of Eshcol, about 3 miles north of the town.
It is supposed by some to be the tree under which Abraham pitched his tent, and is called "Abraham's oak. The third son of Kohath the Levite Ex. A town in the north border of Asher Josh. Hebron in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. The family of Hebronites sprang from him.
In the 40th year of David's reign 2, of them, at Jazer in Gilead, "mighty men of valor," superintended for the king the two and a half tribes "in matters pertaining to God and the king" 1 Chronicles Also Hashabiah and 1, Hebronites were officers "in all the Lord's business and the king's service" on the W. A city in the hill country of Judah, originally Kirjath the city of Arba Joshua Twenty Roman miles S.
Rivaling Damascus in antiquity. Built seven years before Zoan in Egypt Numbers Well known at Abram's entrance into Canaan, 3, years ago Genesis Hebron was the original name, changed to Kirjath Arba during Israel's sojourn in Egypt, and restored by Caleb, to whom it was given at the conquest of Israel Genesis The third resting place of Abram; Shechem was the first, Bethel the second. Near Hebron was the cave of Machpelah, where he and Sarah were buried. Now El Khalil, the house of "the friend" of God.
Over the cave is now the mosque El Haran, from which all but Muslims are excluded jealously though the Prince of Wales was admitted , and in which probably lie the remains of Abraham and Isaac, and possibly Jacob's embalmed body, brought up in state from Egypt Genesis Near it was the oak or terebinth, a place of pagan worship. Hebron was called for a time also Mamre, from Abram's ally Genesis It was made a Levite city of refuge Joshua Still there is an oak bearing Abraham's name, 23 ft.
In Hebron, David reigned over Judah first for seven and a half years 2 Samuel 5: Here Absalom set up the standard of revolt. After various vicissitudes it fell into the Moslems' hands in A. It is picturesquely situated in a narrow valley running from N. At the western end is another, 85 ft. Over the former probably David hung Ishbosheth's murderers 2 Samuel 4: A town in Asher; spelled in Hebrew differently from the former Hebron.
A city of the territory of the tribe of Asher Jos A city of the tribe of Judah, south of Jerusalem When built Nu Son of Kohath Ex 6: The third son of Kohath, who was the second son of Levi. A city of Judah, Jos Hebron is one of the most ancient cities in the world still existing; and in this respect it is the rival of Damascus. It was a well-known town when Abraham entered Canaan, years ago. Abraham is called by Mohammedans el-Khulil, "the Friend," i. Hebron now contains about inhabitants, of whom some fifty families are Jews.
It is picturesquely situated in a narrow valley, surrounded by rocky hills.